The vast majority of diseases that affect the oral cavity can be prevented by observing appropriate hygiene habits:
- Oral care must start right from the earliest years of childhood, by not feeding babies sweet food. As the teeth come through, parents must teach their children about tooth brushing.
- They must be given a diet rich in fruit and vegetables. A lack of certain vitamins can lead to the appearance of gum disease.
- Avoid elements that stick to the teeth and are sugar-rich, particularly in the case of children.
- Fluoride is used to strengthen tooth enamel. Toothpastes contain fluoride, and it is added to the water in Gipuzkoa.
- Dental hygiene: It is enormously important to properly brush your teeth after every meal. There are many kinds of brushes, you should use the one that suits you best, changing it every 1 or 2 months. You should brush for at least 3 minutes, and make sure not to miss any teeth in the process.
- You can use dental floss or interdental brushes to help remove leftover food from between your teeth.
You can use a mouthwash after brushing. There are different kinds of mouthwash to suit each person. Ask your dentist for advice on the mouthwash that suits you best and how often you should use it.
- People with dentures, bridges, braces etc. must take particular care with their oral hygiene. Specific toothpastes, mouthwashes and brushes exist for such cases. Effervescent tablets must also be used to correctly clean removable dentures, orthodontic retainers or mouth guards.
- Don’t smoke. Smoking favours the appearance of gum and tooth problems and can even lead to tooth loss. If you can’t stop smoking, be very strict with your oral care.
Visit your dentist at least once a year for a complete check-up and professional mouth cleaning.
Don’t hesitate to ask your dentist for specific advice on how to improve your dental health.