People often think that a dental implant is simply a false tooth fitted to replace one of your own. But that’s not the whole story. In fact a dental implant is made up of more than one part. In this article we explain the different parts of a dental implant and what each one does.
The three parts of a dental implant
A dental implant is essentially made up of three parts: the implant, the abutment and the crown. Together, they are fused to the jawbone and function as an artificial tooth, restoring the patient’s ability to chew properly and smile with confidence.
1. The implant or screw
The implant itself, commonly referred to as a “screw”, is the part fused into the jawbone. It is made from titanium, a strong biomaterial which bonds the screw to the bone by means of a process called osseointegration, thereby providing the root of the new tooth. The screw is the part of the dental implant to which the other parts are later connected.
2. The abutment
The transepithelial abutment is the part of the dental implant that enables us to connect the screw to the prosthesis acting as your new tooth. This is a small part, also in titanium, fitted onto the implant through your gum in order to lengthen the implant body. It comes in different sizes according to each patient’s characteristics.
The abutment has a very important function as it enables all parts of the implant to stay in firmly in place when going about everyday activities such as speaking and chewing.
3. The crown
The dental crown or prosthesis is the visible part of the dental implant that imitates your natural tooth. It is thanks to this part that the patient can recover the function and aesthetics of their lost tooth. The prosthesis is made to measure in porcelain-fused-to-metal and is cemented into place on the abutment.
Are you thinking about getting a dental implant in San Sebastian? Would you like to know more about the process and its parts? Get in touch with our team; we’ll answer all your questions and provide you with a personal diagnosis. Make an appointment with us.