Mujer identificando un bulto en su encía

One of the most frequent queries we have in general dentistry stems from the appearance of a lump in the gums.

Patients who come to our Dental Clinic in Donostia after finding a lump in their gums, painful or not, tend to be very worried. In cases like these, lack of knowledge is the main reason for their concern, i.e. not knowing what has caused it, or whether it represents a danger for their dental and oral health. We therefore recommend making a visit to your dentist for a professional medical diagnosis of the origin and cause of the lump.

A lump in the gums can have several causes, but the most common is a lesion caused by a fibroma or fistula.

I’ve found a lump in my gums, is it a fibroma?

Fibromas appear as a hard lump in the soft part of the gum and are the result of a long-standing irritation. However, generally speaking, patients with a fibroma normally feel no pain unless they touch the area.

This is a harmless lump. To treat it, we must find out what has caused it and eliminate the problem, such as a badly fitted bridge or false teeth, a broken tooth or filling. In this case, as well as removing the lump from the gum, the dentist who fitted the prosthesis must be informed in order that they can check the state of the treatment, repair the broken tooth if possible, or replace the sharp filling causing irritation to the gum.

If you have noticed a white lump, it may be a fistula

The main difference between fistulas and fibromas is that a fistula is an infectious process. It is an opening in the gum that suppurates with a yellow or white liquid giving the lump its peculiar shade. It is similar to a pimple on your skin.

White lumps on your gums may be caused by an infection due to tooth decay, failed endodontic treatment, a tooth with a vertical fracture or the emergence of wisdom teeth.

This means that if you have noticed a new white lump in your gums, you must visit your dentist so that they can study your case and diagnose the cause.

Lumps in the gum can be treated

Once the lump has been studied by one of our experts, we will establish the cause and the treatment required.

Among the possible treatments depending on the origin of the lump are the administration of antibiotics, the extraction of one or more wisdom teeth or of a tooth with a vertical fracture, repeating endodontic treatment, replacing fillings, etc.

If you live in San Sebastián, you can call our surgery for an appointment. That way we can study your case and offer you an effective solution to eliminate the lump from your gum. Call us!