Dental abrasion is progressive damage caused to the surface of your teeth which eventually results in the more or less important loss of enamel. Usually the cause is overly aggressive brushing, although the culprits can also be other bad habits.

Generally speaking, to stop dental abrasion from spreading, the best solution is to correct the bad habits that cause it. However, when the wear is already widespread, we can apply a variety of dental treatments at our dental clinic.


Causes of dental abrasion

The main cause of dental abrasion is poor daily oral hygiene, such as overly aggressive brushing, which leads to the gradual loss of tooth enamel. Brushing your teeth with too much force or using a toothbrush with very hard bristles are some examples of the poor brushing techniques responsible for dental abrasion.

Other causes of dental abrasion are also bad habits such as biting your nails, keeping something in your mouth all the time, using toothpicks to remove leftover food from between your teeth and using your teeth to open bottles.


Treatment for dental abrasion

To effectively treat dental abrasion, it is essential to visit your dentist to identify the origin of the problem and decide on the best solution.

This said, advanced dental abrasion can lead to other problems:

Sensitive teeth

The loss of tooth enamel can lead to sensitive teeth and can cause discomfort and even pain in your mouth. To relieve this problem it is important to proceed with specific treatment for sensitive teeth, such as using a special toothpaste or mouthwash. Another option is to repair the dental structure with composite resin, i.e. white or pink fillings.

Gum recession

One common problem with dental abrasion is recession or other issues affecting your gums. In cases like these it is essential to proceed with periodontal treatment and/or periodontal aesthetic surgery as soon as possible.

Dental abfraction

Abfraction is a symptom commonly occurring together with tooth abrasion and refers to the damage caused to the tooth structure as a result of wear. This wedge-shaped notch that appears on the gumline revealing the root of the tooth can also lead to other problems such as sensitivity on leaving the inner part of the tooth unprotected.

This problem is treated in different ways depending on the extent of the wear, but generally involves restoring the lost enamel using protective materials such as white or pink resin fillings or veneers. In the most serious cases the dental structure requires reinforcement with crowns.


Tooth abrasion vs Tooth erosion

It is important not to confuse tooth abrasion with tooth erosion, the latter of which is the result of the excessive consumption of foods and liquids containing acids or sugars, or of taking certain medicines affecting the enamel of your teeth. In other words, erosion is the result of a process of chemical wear while dental abrasion is caused by continuous friction with hard brushes or by using excessive force.


While solutions do exist to reduce the effects of tooth enamel loss, remember that enamel is a material that never regenerates and that the best solution is to prevent its deterioration.

You can avoid future problems with issues such as tooth abrasion by making regular visits to your dentist. Call us on 943 45 90 45, we’ll be delighted to see you at our dental clinic in Donostia-San Sebastián.